Czechia’s overall emissions have been declining steadily over the past 30 years as a result of the country’s deep economic transformation of the early 1990s. However, there are several sectors that have been bucking this trend – most notably transport, which has seen an increase in emissions by 69% since 1990. The waste sector’s emissions have also increased over time. On the other hand, the most notable reductions in emissions occurred in the industry sector (especially in combustion), agriculture, and buildings. Emissions in energy first increased and then decreased slightly, but they are still above the trend seen elsewhere in Europe.

Moreover, a disturbing trend has emerged in the past few years. Since 2018, Czechia’s land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector has become a source of emissions, rather than a sink. This is due to the catastrophic state of Czechia’s forests caused by droughts and the proliferation of the bark beetle. In 2019, the emissions from LULUCF accounted for a staggering 13,56 Mt CO2 eq, which is more than the emissions produced by sectors such as waste, agriculture or buildings.

In terms of targets, Czechia only has a headline target for its non-ETS sectors, which has been set at a 14% reduction by 2030 compared to 2005 levels. So far, the national targets set for Czechia have been very unambitious and the country had no problems achieving them. The renewable energy and energy efficiency targets set out in the NECP are also rather weak and they don’t tap into the full potential the country has in these areas.


NOTE: When targets or projections from NECP or from another sectoral strategy document are available, the tool calculates the difference between the realised data and the target in percentage. The percentages that can be found on the country pages and on the right side of each graph are based on this calculation. If the country does not have projections or targets for the year of the latest realised data, the percentages do not exist.